Matthew Posts

What Does “I Desire Mercy and Not Sacrifice” Mean?

I desire mercy and not sacrifice

Photo by tipoyock

I am currently going through Matthew, you can read my notes here. Several times I read Jesus saying, “I desire mercy and not sacrifice”(Matthew 9:13, Matthew 12:7). I did not really understand what those words meant. I understood that Jesus wanted us to show mercy, but I also knew Jesus required sacrifice (Matthew 10:16-25, Matthew 10:34-39, Matthew 16:24-26, Mark 8:34-38). I did not really understand what he was saying in these verses. I am ashamed to say that I merely skipped over these verses. I figured it would just go into the pile of biblical verses that I do not understand. Well I was reminded today of those verses.

Matthew Notes

Here are my notes so far for the book of Matthew. This is not supposed to be an exhaustive resource for all topics covered, but a condensed summary. I will obviously have to leave things out. This is only a study recourse, and to get a brief overview of the many points in book.

Chapter 1

  • genealogy of Christ
  • Mary pregnant
    • Joseph put her away
    • angel appeared to Joseph
      • take Mary as wife
      • baby = Jesus, save people from their sins
    • took place to fulfill prophesies
      • He’ll be called Immanuel
    • Joseph married her
      • didn’t know her till gave birth

Chapter 2

  • wise men came to Herod
    • wise men – where is king of Jews
    • Herod disturbed
    • asked scribes where messiah born
    • prophesy says Bethlehem
      • Bethlehem, not least because leader will come
    • Herod – go find Messiah, so I can worship
  • wise men followed star, found child
    • worshiped Him
    • gave gold, frankincense, myrrh
    • went different route back, because of dream
  • angel in Joseph’s dream
    • Herod looking for Child, to destroy Him
    • went to Egypt in night, fulfilled prophesy
  • Herod found out tricked by wise men
    • killed all male children 2 years and younger in Bethlehem
      • fulfilled prophesy in Jeremiah
  • angel in Joseph’s dream
    • angel – Herod dead, OK to go back
    • Joseph afraid to go back, because Archelaus (Herod’s son)
    • warned in dream to go to Nazareth
      • fulfilled prophesy, will be a Nazarene

Chapter 3

  • John the Baptist in wilderness
    • repent kingdom of heaven near
    • John the Baptist = Isiah prophesy
    • Baptizing in Jordan river
    • John the Baptist – pharisees and Sadducees = brood of vipers
      • told to produce good fruit or be thrown into fire
    • John baptizes with water, One other Baptizes with Holy Spirit
      and fire 

      • He will gather wheat, and burn chaff
  • Jesus asks John to baptize Him
    • John humbly refuses
    • Jesus – allow it
    • Jesus baptized
      • Holy Spirit → dove
      • God – beloved Son, well pleased

Chapter 4

  • Jesus in wilderness to be tempted
    • Devil – turn stones to bread
      • Jesus – man doesn’t live by bread alone, but on word of
        God (old testament reference)
    • Devil – throw self off temple
      • Devil – angels support Jesus (old testament reference)
      • Jesus – do not test the Lord (old testament reference)
    • Devil – give all kingdoms if bow down
      • Jesus – worship and serve only God (old testament
        reference)
    • Devil left, angels served Him
  • Jesus heard John arrested
    • went to Capernaum (fulfilled OT prophesy)
    • said repent kingdom of heaven near
  • saw Peter & Andrew fishing
    • Jesus – follow Me, make fishers of men
    • followed Him
  • saw James & John in boat with father
    • called to them
    • they left, followed Him
  • healed & preached in Galilee
    • news spread
    • large crowd followed

Chapter 5

  • sermon on mount
    • Beatitudes
      • (a lot of them)
      • blessed persecuted, reward great
        • persecuted prophets before you
    • believers salt
      • if lose taste, useless
    • believers light
      • shines for all, don’t hide
      • people see good work, give glory to Father
    • didn’t come to destroy law
      • came to fulfill
      • whoever breaks law, teaches others
        • least in kingdom of heaven
      • whoever follows law, teaches others
        • great in kingdom of heaven
    • heard do not Murder
      • but Jesus says – if angry, subject to judgment
      • if say moron, subject to Hellfire
      • if offering sacrificial gift, remember unfinished business
        • leave, reconcile with brother
    • heard no Adultery
      • but Jesus says – lust = adultery in heart
      • better to pluck eye, than to let it sin
        • better to cut off hand, than to let it sin
        • better to lose member, than lose whole body
    • heard divorce laws
      • but Jesus says – if divorce except for sexual immorality,
        cause adultery
      • marry divorced woman, cause adultery
    • heard oaths law
      • but Jesus says – don’t swear by God’s throne
        • don’t control God’s throne
      • don’t swear by head
        • don’t control head
      • yes be yes, no be no
    • heard eye for eye
      • but Jesus says – don’t resist evildoer
      • turn other cheek
      • if ask for shirt, give coat
      • go second mile
    • heard love neighbors, hate enemies
      • but Jesus says – love enemies, pray for them
      • don’t just pay back good for good
        • even sinners do that

Chapter 6

  • don’t practice righteousness in front of others
    • if a showy giver, already got reward
      • give in secret, Father will reward
    • don’t pray for others to see
      • pray on secret, father will reward
      • don’t babble in prayer
      • Lord’s prayer
        • God Holy
        • kingdom come
        • forgive us
        • deliver us from temptation
      • forgive others, so God forgive you
    • don’t show you are fasting
      • fast without others knowing
  • don’t collect temporary possessions
    • collect permanent treasures in heaven
      • where treasure is, heart is also
    • eye is lamp of body
      • eye good, body good
      • eye bad, body bad
    • can’t be slave to 2 masters
      • can’t be slave of God and money
    • don’t worry
      • birds don’t sow or reap
        • God still feeds them
      • can’t grow taller by worrying
      • flowers don’t work, still beautiful
        • God cares more about you than flowers and birds
      • seek first kingdom of God, else will be provided

Chapter 7

  • Don’t Judge
    • See spec in brothers eye, don’t see log in own
    • take log out of own eye, then get spec
    • don’t toss pearls before swine
  • Ask and it will be given
    • if son asks for bread, won’t give stone
    • Father will give good gifts to those who ask
    • do to others, what you want them to do to you
  • Enter narrow gate
    • wide gate is destruction
    • narrow gate leads to life, few find it
  • beware false prophets
    • recognize them by fruit
      • if tree doesn’t produce good fruit, cast into fire
    • not everyone who says Lord, Lord
      • God say never knew you
  • whoever hear, and acts, like builder who builds on rock
    • rain and wind won’t collapse house
    • hear and don’t listen
      • like builder on sand
      • collapsed from wind
  • Jesus finished, crowds astonished

 

Chapter 8

 

  • Leper asked to be healed
    • Jesus healed, told Leper to tell no one
    • give gift to priest as testimony
  • centurion asked Jesus to heal servant
    • Centenarian said not worthy of Jesus to come to house
    • Jesus just needs to say “be healed”
    • Jesus amazed with faith, said servant healed
  • healed Peter’s mother in law
  • drove out demons, healed sick
    • according to Isiah prophesy
  • Jesus told crowd to go to others side sea
    • scribe said he would follow
      • Son of Man has no place to rest head
    • man said would bury dead father, then follow
      • let dead bury dead
  • Jesus sleeping on boat during storm
    • disciples thought going to die
    • Jesus said “little faith”
    • Jesus calmed storms
  • violent demon possessed man came out of tombs
    • demons asked Jesus to send into pigs
    • Jesus said “go” pigs jumped off cliff
    • town asked Jesus to leave

Chapter 9

  • Jesus went to home town
    • men brought man on stretcher
      • Jesus – sins are forgiven
      • scribes – He’s blaspheming
      • Jesus – easier to say sins are forgiven or walk, Son of Man has authority
      • Jesus – walk
      • paralytic walked
  • Jesus saw Matthew, said “follow me”
    • Matthew followed
  • Jesus at house of tax collectors and sinners
    • Pharisees – why eat with sinners?
    • Jesus – those who are healthy, don’t need doctor, sick do
  • John’s disciples – why your disciples don’t fast
    • wedding guests not sad while groom is still with them
    • no one puts new wine in old wine skins
  • Leader – daughter near death, please heal
    • woman touched robe to be healed
      • Jesus – faith made you well
    • at leader home, people morning
      • Jesus – girl sleeping
      • people laugh
      • Jesus took by hand, girl got up
  • blind men followed Jesus
    • approached Jesus in house
    • Jesus – you believe?
    • blind men – yes
    • Jesus heals them
    • Jesus – tell no one
    • blind men spread news to whole area
  • Jesus drives out mute, demon possessed man
    • Pharisees – drives out demons, because ruler of demons
  • Jesus taught, healed
    • felt compassion on crowds
    • sheep without shepherd
    • harvest abundant, workers few, pray to workers

 

Chapter 10

 

  • Jesus gave authority to disciples
    • Go to lost sheep of Israel
    • don’t take money
    • if house worthy, let peace be on it
    • shake dust off feet from unwelcoming town
    • sending out sheep among wolves
      • be persecuted because of Jesus
      • Let Holy Spirit speak
      • will be hated because of Jesus
      • persecuted Jesus, so will persecute you
      • Don’t be afraid
        • proclaim secret
        • fear One who is able destroy soul, not one who kill body
        • If acknowledge Christ before man, Christ will acknowledge you
      • not come to bring peace, but a sword
        • unless Love Jesus before all others, not worthy
        • find life, lose it, lose life find it
    • whoever welcomes you, welcomes me, welcomes one who sent me
      • whoever gives cup water to little ones, is disciple

Chapter 11

  • John Baptist sent message to Jesus
    • Jesus = one who is to come?
    • tell John about Jesus miracles
    • Jesus – went to wilderness to see a prophet
      • send messenger before (old testament reference)
    • no one born of men greater than John the Baptist
      • least in kingdom of heaven, greater than he
    • John the Baptist = Elijah
    • generation like children don;t respond to music
      • John the Baptist didn’t eat or drink
        • said he was a demon
      • Jesus ate and drank
        • said was glutton and drunken
    • denounced towns where most miracles happened
      • woe to Chorazin & Bethsaida
        • if miracles were done in Tyre & Sidon, they would have repented
        • more tolerable in judgement for Tyre & Sidon
      • Capernaum to Hades
        • if miracles done in Sodom, it would remain
        • more tolerable for Sodom on judgment day
    • Father hidden from learned, given to infants

Chapter 12

  • Disciples picked and ate grain on sabbath
    • Pharisees said unlawful
    • Jesus tells how David and his men ate sacred bread
    • priest violates sabbath but are innocent
    • If understood “I desire mercy, not sacrifice” would not blame
    • Son of Man, Lord of Sabbath
  • Went in synagogue
    • man withered hand
    • Pharisees – is it lawful to heal on sabbath?
    • Jesus – If sheep fall in pit on sabbath, you will lift it out
      • man worth more than sheep
    • Jesus healed hand
    • Pharisees conspired to destroy Jesus
  • Jesus withdrew, with crowd following
    • healed many, told not to tell (old testament prophesy)
    • Isaiah Prophesy
      • beloved servant
      • proclaim justice to gentiles
      • no one hear voice in streets
      • bring justice in victory
      • gentiles hope
  • blind, mute demon possessed man brought to Jesus
    • Jesus healed him
    • pharisees – Jesus did it in Beelzebub name
    • Jesus Kingdom divided among self, will not stand
      • how person enter strong man’s house, plunder without binding man
      • whoever is not with me is against me
      • whoever does not gather with me, scatters
      • Every sin, blasphemy be forgiven
        • blaspheme against Holy Spirit, not forgiven
      • Make tree good, fruit good or make tree bad, fruit bad
        • brood of vipers, how speak good, when bad
        • out of good treasure, bring forth good
        • bad treasure, bring forth bad
        • with words justified, words condemned
  • asked for a sign
    • no sign, only sign of Jonah
    • Son of Man 3 days heart of earth
    • Nineveh will judge, since they repented
      • someone greater than Jonah here
    • Queen from south will judge
      • repented because of solomon
      • Man greater than Solomon here
  • Evil Spirit leaves person
    • looks for rest, finds none
    • comes back to find house in order
    • brings 7 new spirits
    • person worse than before
    • same with this evil generation
  • mother, brothers asked to speak to Him
    • Jesus – whoever does will of father is mothers, brothers, sisters

Chapter 13

  • Jesus sat on boat, crowd on shore
    • sower sowed seeds
      • some on path
        • birds devoured
      • other fell on rocky ground
        • sprang up, but scorched, since had no roots
      • others fell on thorns
        • thorns chocked them
      • some fell on good ground
        • provided grain
        • some 100 fold, some 60 fold, some 30 fold
    • disciples, why speak in parables
      • Jesus – you have been given secrets of kingdom of heaven
      • they have not been given secrets
      • who has more, will be given more
      • who has less, what has will be taken away
      • see but do not see
      • hear but do not hear
      • Isaiah prophesy
        • see but do not perceive
        • if see, and understand with heart
          • I will heal them
        • Disciples see, hear
          • prophets longed to see & hear what you see & hear
    • Jesus explains sower parable
      • some hear, but do not understand
        • evil one snatches away
        • ones on path
      • sown on rocky ground
        • hears, receives with joy
        • no root, when tribulation, fall away
      • sown among thorns
        • received word
        • but cares of world choked
        • no fruit
      • sown good ground
        • hears word understands it
        • produces fruit
    • kingdom of heaven like man who sowed good seed in field
      • enemy sowed weeds in
      • workers want to gather up weeds
      • master – no, might uproot wheat
      • when reaped
        • burn weeds
        • good in barn
    • kingdom of heaven like mustard seed
      • small seed
      • when grown, large plant
        • birds nest in branches
    • kingdom of heaven like leaven that women hid in flour
      • all was leavened
    • Jesus spoke only in parables
      • (old testament prophesy)
      • speak in parables
      • say things hidden since creation
  • left crowds
    • disciples asked to explain weeds
      • sower = Son of Man
      • field = world
      • good seed = sons of kingdom
      • weeds = sons of evil one
      • enemy = devil
      • harvest = close of age
      • reapers = angels
      • Son of Man will send angels to gather
        • all lawbreakers, all who cause sin
          • thrown in fiery furnace
        • righteous will shine like sun
    • kingdom of heaven like man who finds treasure in field
      • sells all, buys field
    • kingdom of heaven like merchant who finds great pearl
      • sold all, bought it
    • kingdom of heaven like net that catches all kinds of fish
      • men sorted fish, thrown away bad
      • angels do the same at end of age
    • Jesus – understand all this?
      • They – Yes
      • every scribe in kingdom of heaven like master of house
        • bring out new and old
    • Jesus went to home town
      • taught in synagogue
      • people astonished
        • is not Jesus carpenters son
        • they took offense
      • Jesus – prophet always has honor, but in home town
      • did not do many works there because of unbelief